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· 5 min read
Jeffrey Aven

Yoast is a well-known SEO plugin for WordPress which automagically generates structured data for every page (amongst other things). This helps render rich results for search as well as improve general on-site SEO.

We use Docusaurus, a React-based Static Site Generator from Facebook, for all of our docs and blog properties. Docusaurus does have some native structured data capabilities through Microdata. We were after:

  • Structured data implemented using JSON-LD - which is the recommended approach by Google; and
  • Support multi-level structured data (like Yoast does), including Organization, WebSite, WebPage, Article, and Breadcrumb level data

The solution was to create a Docusaurus plugin, docusaurus-plugin-structured-data.

info

Google allows you to combine structured data in Microdata format with data in JSON-LD format. You can see the union of the two markup approaches using the Rich Results Test.

How it works

Organization and Website level structured data are defined in the plugin configurations (see Configuration). WebPage, Article and Breadcrumb level data are derived for each page from metadata sourced from the postBuild lifecycle api and then injected into the <head> of each page using JSON-LD format as follows:

<head>
...
<script type="application/ld+json">
{"@context":"https://schema.org","@graph":[...]}
</script>
...
</head>

Docusaurus allows you to create hierarchical document structures using categories and folders defined at build time; although this is useful for organization and context, to search engines, it can appear too complex (with leaf-level documents seemingly multiple clicks from the home page). In actuality, this is not the case, as the sidebar in Docusuarus makes any page one click away from the home page.

As a solution (to keep the hierarchy), the plugin takes each level in the route, maps it to a friendly term or token (using the breadCrumbLabelMap configuration property), and creates a concatenated string, so for a route such as:

/docs/language-spec/functions/aggregate/group_concat

The resultant Breadcrumb structured data looks like this...

    {
"@type": "BreadcrumbList",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/aggregate/group_concat/#breadcrumb",
"itemListElement": [
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 1,
"item": "https://stackql.io",
"name": "Home"
},
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 2,
"item": "https://stackql.io/docs",
"name": "Documentation"
},
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 3,
"name": "Language Specification - Functions - Aggregate - GROUP_CONCAT"
}
]
},

Blog Posts

The docusaurus-plugin-structured-data plugin detects blog posts and injects Article structured data accordingly, including the following properties:

  • author
  • headline
  • datePublished
  • dateModified
  • wordCount
  • keywords
  • and more...

An example is shown here:

    {
"@type": "Article",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/blog/sumologic-provider-for-stackql-now-available/#article",
"isPartOf": {
"@type": "WebPage",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/blog/sumologic-provider-for-stackql-now-available/#webpage"
},
"author": {
"name": "Jeffrey Aven",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#/schema/person/1"
},
"headline": "Sumologic Provider for StackQL Now Available",
"datePublished": "2023-01-03T00:00:00.000Z",
"dateModified": "2023-01-03T00:00:00.000Z",
"mainEntityOfPage": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/blog/sumologic-provider-for-stackql-now-available/#webpage"
},
"wordCount": 201,
"publisher": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#organization"
},
"image": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/blog/sumologic-provider-for-stackql-now-available/#primaryimage"
},
"thumbnailUrl": "https://stackql.io/img/blog/stackql-sumologic-provider-featured-image.png",
"keywords": ["stackql", "sumologic", "multicloud", "monitoring", "logging"],
"articleSection": ["Blog"],
"inLanguage": "en-US"
}

Installation

The docusaurus-plugin-structured-data is available via NPMJS at @stackql/docusaurus-plugin-structured-data.

To install via NPM use:

npm i @stackql/docusaurus-plugin-structured-data

To install using Yarn use:

yarn add @stackql/docusaurus-plugin-structured-data

Configuration

Add the docusaurus-plugin-structured-data plugin to plugins section in docusaurus.config.js:

{
plugins: [
'@stackql/docusaurus-plugin-structured-data',
...
]
}

Update themeConfig in the docusaurus.config.js file, the following shows mandatory properties:

{
...,
themeConfig: {
structuredData: {
excludedRoutes: [], // array of routes to exclude from structured data generation, include custom redirects here
verbose: boolean, // print verbose output to console (default: false)
featuredImageDimensions: {
width: 1200,
height: 630,
},
authors:{
author_name: {
authorId: string, // unique id for the author - used as an identifier in structured data
url: string, // MUST be the same as the `url` property in the `authors.yml` file in the `blog` directory
imageUrl: string, // gravatar url
sameAs: [] // synonymous entity links, e.g. github, linkedin, twitter, etc.
},
},
organization: {}, // Organization properties can be added to this object
website: {}, // WebSite properties can be added to this object
webpage: {
datePublished: string, // default is the current date
inLanguage: string, // default: en-US
},
breadcrumbLabelMap: {} // used to map the breadcrumb labels to a custom value
}
},
...
}

Resultant Structured Data Example

Below is an example of the data created and injected into the <head> of each page in the generated site (this is formatted for readability - the actual structured data generated is minified for performance).

Docusaurus Structured Data Example
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
"@context": "https://schema.org",
"@graph": [
{
"@type": "WebPage",
"isPartOf": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#website"
},
"inLanguage": "en-US",
"datePublished": "2021-07-01",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/json/json_extract/#webpage",
"url": "https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/json/json_extract",
"name": "JSON_EXTRACT",
"description": "Query and Deploy Cloud Infrastructure and Resources using SQL",
"dateModified": "2023-01-23T23:56:08.545Z",
"breadcrumb": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/json/json_extract/#breadcrumb"
},
"potentialAction": [
{
"@type": "ReadAction",
"target": [
"https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/json/json_extract"
]
}
]
},
{
"@type": "BreadcrumbList",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/docs/language-spec/functions/json/json_extract/#breadcrumb",
"itemListElement": [
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 1,
"item": "https://stackql.io",
"name": "Home"
},
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 2,
"item": "https://stackql.io/docs",
"name": "Documentation"
},
{
"@type": "ListItem",
"position": 3,
"name": "Language Specification - Functions - JSON - JSON_EXTRACT"
}
]
},
{
"@type": "WebSite",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#website",
"name": "StackQL",
"url": "https://stackql.io",
"description": "Provision and Query Cloud and SaaS Resources using SQL",
"publisher": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#organization"
},
"potentialAction": [
{
"@type": "SearchAction",
"target": {
"@type": "EntryPoint",
"urlTemplate": "https://stackql.io/search?q={searchTerms}"
},
"query-input": "required name=searchTerms"
}
],
"inLanguage": "en-US"
},
{
"@type": "Organization",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#organization",
"name": "StackQL",
"url": "https://stackql.io",
"sameAs": [
"https://twitter.com/stackql",
"https://www.linkedin.com/company/stackql",
"https://github.com/stackql",
"https://www.youtube.com/@stackql",
"https://hub.docker.com/u/stackql"
],
"contactPoint": {
"@type": "ContactPoint",
"email": "info@stackql.io"
},
"logo": {
"@type": "ImageObject",
"inLanguage": "en-US",
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#logo",
"url": "https://stackql.io/img/stackql-cover.png",
"contentUrl": "https://stackql.io/img/stackql-cover.png",
"width": 1440,
"height": 900,
"caption": "StackQL - your cloud using SQL"
},
"image": {
"@id": "https://stackql.io/#logo"
},
"address": {
"@type": "PostalAddress",
"addressCountry": "AU",
"postalCode": "3001",
"streetAddress": "Level 24, 570 Bourke Street, Melbourne, Victoria"
},
"duns": "750469226",
"taxID": "ABN 65 656 147 054"
}
]
}
</script>

Testing

Once you have built and deployed your site (using yarn build), you can use the Schema Validator Tool or the Google Rich Results Tool to inspect urls from your site.

Pull requests or issues are welcome. Please feel free to contribute. Thanks!